One of these is Direct PLUS loans, which are offered by the federal government to the parents (biological, adopted, or, in some cases, the stepparent) of dependent students who are enrolled in a college, university, or other higher education program at least half the time.
They’re quickly rising in popularity. While the parents’ portion dwarfs the whopping $1.56 trillion their children owe in student loans,1 PLUS loans now total $100.80 billion, a 42% increase from just six years ago.2
Although they provide a viable financing option for some families, there's a number of considerations that you need to be aware of before considering this type of loan.
1 PLUS loans have higher interest rates than student loans. The interest rate for PLUS loans is currently 5.30%—nearly double the student loan rate of 2.75%. That means for every $10,000 borrowed, you can expect to pay an extra $3,227 in interest over a 20-year repayment period. What’s more, PLUS loans have origination fees, which are additional loan processing and setup charges. As of October 1, 2020, the origination fee is 4.236%.2
2 There's almost no cap on the amount you can borrow. While there's a cap on student loans, parents can borrow any amount, up to the cost of attendance, minus any financial aid the student receives. For example, if the cost of the school is $35,000 and your child is set to receive a total of $12,500 in scholarships and student loans, you could borrow up to $22,500 for that school year.
3 You can’t simply transfer the debt over to your child. As the signer of the loan, it legally belongs to you. You can’t incorporate it into any student loans your child may have. You could work out a separate repayment program where your child pays you directly. Be sure to discuss this possibility with your child before agreeing to any loan.
4 Your options are limited if you can’t repay. While the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act provides relief to both student and PLUS loan borrowers through September 30, 2021, you need to have a plan for when that program ends. You can apply for a deferment or forbearance with the loan servicer. Many offer income-driven repayment plans.
Before making any decisions on your child’s college plans, check in with your financial professional, who can help you determine which funding options may make the most sense for your situation.
1 “Quarterly Report on Household Debt and Credit,” Federal Reserve Bank of New York's Center for Mircoeconomic Data, February 2021. 2 Studentaid.gov, 2021.
The content of this document is for general information only and is believed to be accurate and reliable as of the posting date, but may be subject to change. It is not intended to provide investment, tax, plan design, or legal advice (unless otherwise indicated). Please consult your own independent advisor as to any investment, tax, or legal statements made herein.